As part of the MoorLIFE 2020 project, we have undertaken a carbon audit to measure the amount of greenhouse gas the project prevents being lost, as well as how much it emits.
Peatlands form the largest store of terrestrial carbon in the UK, so it is important to understand what impact our work has on this. As part of our MoorLIFE project (2010-2015) our carbon audit showed that we prevented loss of 37 times as much greenhouse gas as we emitted. Our MoorLIFE 2020 carbon audit is building upon this evidence.
Our restoration work, which includes work under MoorLIFE 2020, reduces the amount of carbon lost through a number of processes including erosion of bare peat. This is particularly important as bare peat has the potential to lose more than 500 tonnes of carbon per square kilometre, per year. Our work seeks to reduce, halt, and ultimately in the long term reverse carbon loss by stabilising bare peat.
Our annual carbon audit includes emissions from staff commutes, electricity usage in the office energy usage, and conservation works including transporting materials by helicopter and includes operations by our project partners, the National Trust, Pennine Prospects and the RSPB. Other greenhouse gases such as methane are included and are converted into their carbon equivalent (CO2e) using data provided by Defra. This ensures that all relevant greenhouse gas emissions have been taken into account.
We are monitoring these greenhouse gas emissions by auditing how much carbon we contribute to the environment. This allows us to identify which activities contribute most to our overall emissions, allowing us to put measures in place to reduce these emissions where applicable.
This audit built upon a similar review back in 2015 following our original MoorLIFE project; an innovation at the time, it was the first audit to monitor carbon emissions from peatland restoration. The audit revealed that the CO2 emissions produced by our work to protect 25 square kilometres of Peak District and South Pennine moorland were 37 times lower than the amount of CO2 emissions that were lost annually from the areas of bare peat one year after restoration is completed, with these benefits continuing to occur per year.
Working together to bring life back to the South Pennine Moors Special Area of Conservation.
Working together to bring life back to South Pennine and Peak District moorlands